Energy-saving measures and methods of industrial boilers which industrial boiler energy-saving measures and methods which 1, to increase the capacity and improve the thermal efficiency of boilers and inefficient small compared to the large-capacity high-efficiency industrial boilers, can greatly improve the utilization of energy rate, so as to obtain greater economic benefits. Meanwhile, the cogeneration project enables conversion of exhaust or extraction steam turbine for heating, not only can reduce the loss of turbine exhaust steam, but also help to save coal resources. Industrial boiler thermal efficiency of China's low is a fact that can not be ignored, usually operating efficiency even lower. Therefore, improving the efficiency of industrial furnace hot pot, is crucial for energy savings. In one aspect, by improving the quality of the insulating material, thicker insulation, heat loss can be reduced. On the other hand, the use of secondary air system, can facilitate a more complete combustion of fuel, the effect is very significant. 2, the heating surface to reduce coking and fouling of industrial boiler during running, prone to coking, fouling phenomenon, resulting in increased and then decreased local resistance to the flow cross section. Not only conducive to smoke, but also so that heat transfer is reduced, further increasing the temperature of the flue gas. Industrial boilers and cleaning agent has a good cleaning effect, can be put in the appropriate amount sublimation decompose at high temperatures, with the heating surface of the coke, slag and contacts a chemical reaction can be automatically off after decomposition. Meanwhile, a method of periodically purging is also more effective in the early formation of fouling was loose state can be cleared periodically sootblowing. If the attachment is too long time, will translate into close like fouling, thus increasing the difficulty of cleaning up. 3, to ensure the quality of coal and industrial coal-fired boilers with coal is crucial, its moisture, volatile content factor for the speed of fire, as well as affecting the combustion temperature is extremely obvious. Maintain proper moisture content can be reduced with reduced leakage occurrence of coal and fly ash, coal seam and helps enhance the evacuation ventilation. If the moisture content is too high, will affect the speed and the temperature in the furnace, heat loss will be increased exhaust smoke. Industrial water boiler heating surface for scaling impact of large scale for each additional 1mm, the overall thermal efficiency of the boiler will be reduced by 3%. 4, many factors affect the lower exhaust gas temperature industrial boiler flue gas temperature, within the course of the economizer scale, cleaning up soot neglect of smoke in the furnace wall channeling smoke, poor treatment effect, can cause elevated exhaust temperature. On the one hand, to deal with the heating surface appears slagging, fouling and scale phenomena take timely measures to eliminate, minimize or avoid their presence. On the other hand, on the rear of the boiler heating surface is improved or increased. Industrial boiler flue gas temperature, objectively reflects the utilization of exhaust heat. But not as low as possible, the exhaust gas temperature is too low but not conducive to the normal operation of the boiler.
Boiler steam temperature affect the safety and economy temperatures above will be lower than the rated temperature of the device, it will have a bad effect. If the temperature exceeds its rated value, the boiler will cause overheating of the relevant metal material, material creep acceleration, will shorten the life of the boiler. If the temperature is too high, but some of the key components of the boiler would cause damage, can also cause serious and even superheater tube rupture. If the temperature is lower than the rated temperature, vapor enthalpy is reduced, increased air consumption, decreased economy. This will reduce the thermodynamic cycle efficiency of the plant, the steam humidity at the last stage blades of the gas turbine increases, causing erosion and damage to water droplets gas turbine blades, affect the safe operation of the gas turbine. Ruoyin with water vapor causes a decrease in temperature, the moisture in the salt impurities formed in the superheater scale, pipe valves, gas turbine blade, because the superheater lead to reduced heat transfer, the temperature decreased, damage increased wall temperature; and cause the valve plug, the operation failure; and a gas turbine blade erosion, loss of balance and vibration occurs. Temperature fluctuations reason superheater actual heat transfer the vapor does not reach the required amount of heat absorbed corresponding balancing. When the heat absorbed is greater than the heat transfer, the temperature rise; conversely decreased. Many factors affect the temperature change, including both gas side and the vapor side. Such as boiler load increased, but also to ensure the boiler load unchanged or decreased in order to prevent pressure shall increase the amount of fuel and air supply, strengthen the burning, causing the furnace exit flue gas temperature of the flue gas volume increases and lower water temperature , temperature increase; If the oil and gas fuel is combusted in the furnace carbon black is not fully formed, into the superheater flue causing secondary combustion, but also greatly increase the superheat temperature. Reducing the temperature of the main reasons: improper adjustment of combustion, low flame center furnace; superheater area is small, or too much leakage at the furnace wall; Save water flow rising or temperature reduction; drum water level or high gas-water separator separating efficiency is lowered, the humidity of the vapor is increased; superheater tube fouling, reduced heat absorption and the like.
Depending on the operating characteristics of electric vertical small capacity fire 300kg steam boilers, mainly to properly regulate the drum and induced draft fan. The chamber negative pressure is guaranteed ± (5-10) premise mm water column (water column ≈9.8Pa 1mm) to minimize the amount of the wind, to extend the residence time of the flue gas temperature in the furnace, reduce exhaust gas temperature.
Shunde main business of special sea oil production and processing, etc., in the course of special oil refining, a large amount of steam required for oil and gas extraction, distillation and extraction technology and other aspects, therefore, the boiler is supplied special sea oil processing technology company Shunde indispensable less equipment. As environmental policy progresses, the chemical industry as more polluting industries are highly valued the various departments of quality supervision, sea Shunde companies to follow the development of the State Environmental Protection pace, choose clean the boiler industry-leading fast Boiler cooperation with the parties by quickly assess the specific needs on-site estimates and sea Shunde, to provide a SZS series of 25 tons of steam water tube vertical small capacity fire 300kg steam boiler (SZS25-2.0-YQ).
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